【S3 Special-CET6】20151219

【S3 Special-CET6】20151219

2015-12-19    27'14''

主播: 时事与辩论_CUFE|CUPB

384 20

介绍:
本节目音频从考试吧下载后转码合并生成 考试吧四六级专题: http://www.exam8.com/english/Special/cet46daan/ 2015年12月六级听力原文第一版 本文内容由有道考神原创,转载时请注明出处。时间仓促,听抄所得,难免疏漏,仅供参考。 更多答案,请关注新浪微博@建昆老师 短对话 1. W: Wow, what a variety of salads you’ve got on your menu,could yourecommend something special? M: Well, I think you can try this mixed salad. We make thedressingwith fresh berries. Q: what does the man mean? 2. W: I was talking to Mary the other day, and she mentionedthat your newconsulting firm is doing really well. M: Yes, business paced up much faster than we anticipated.We now haveover 200 clients. Q: What do we learn about the man from theconversation? 3. W: Do you know where we keep flash disks and printingpaper? M: They should be in the cabinet if there are any. That’swhere we keepall of our office supplies. Q: what does the woman mean? 4. W: The printing of this dictionary is so small. I can’tread theexplanations at all. M: Let me get my magnify glass. I know I just can’t dowithout it. Q: What does the man mean? 5. W: I’m considering having my office redecorated, thefurniture is oldand the paint is chipping. M: I’ll give you my sister-in-law’s number. She justgraduated from aninterior designing academy, and will give a freeestimate. Q: What is the woman considering? 6. W: We have a full load of goods that needs to bedelivered. But wecan’t get a container ship anyway. M: That’s always being a problem in this port. Thefacilities here arenever able to meet our needs. Q: What are the speakers talking about? 7. W: Why didn’t Rod get a pay raise? M: The boss just isn’t convinced that his work attitudewarranted it.She said she saw him by the coffee machine more oftenthan at his desk. Q: What are the speakers talking about? 8. W: The hotel called, saying that because of the schedulingthere, theywon’t be are able to cater for our banquet. M: I know an Indian restaurant on the high street thatoffers a specialdiner for groups. The food is excellent, and theroom is large enough toaccommodate us. Q: What does the man suggest they do? 长对话 Conversation 1 M: Hello Jane. W: Hello Paul. M: Please coming. I’m just getting ready to go home. Susanis expectingme for dinner. I wanted to be on time for achange. W: Look, I’m terribly sorry to drop in this time onFriday, Paul, butit is rather important. M: That’s OK. What’s the problem? W: Well, Paul, I won’t keep you long. You see there is aproblem withthe exchange rates. The Indian Rupee has taken a fallon the foreign exchangemarket. You see there is being a sharpincrease in Indian’s balance of paymentdeficit. M: I see. How serious, isn’t it? W: Well, as you know, there have been reports of unrestIndia, and theprospects for the Rupee look prettygloomy. M: And that’s going to affect us, as if we didn’t haveenough problemson our hands. W: So I thought it would be wise to take out forwardexchange cover toprotect our position on the outstandingcontract. M: Just a minute. Forward exchange cover, now whatdoes thatmeanexactly? W: Well, it means that JO notes enters into a commitmentto sell IndianRupees at the present rate. M: I see. And how will that benefit us? W: Well, JO notes wouldn’t lose out if Indian Rupee fallsfurther. M: What will it cost, Jane? W: A small percentage, about 1% and that can be built intothe price ofthe bike. M: Well, I don’t suppose there is much choice. All rightJane, let’sput it into action. Conversation 2 W: Charles, among other things, you regarded as one of theAmerica’sgreat masters of the blues. A musical idiom doesessentially about loss,particularly the loss of romantic love. Whydoes love die? M: People often get into love affairs because they haveunrealisticexpectations about somebody. Then when the persondoesn’t turn out to be whothey thought he or she was, they startthinking maybe I can change him or her.That kind of thinking is amistake. Because when the dust settles, people aregoing to bepretty much what they are. It’s a rare thing for anybody to beableto change who they really are. And this creates a lot ofproblems. W: At 62, you continue to spend a large percentage of yourlifetouring. What appeals to you about life on the road? M: Music, I don’t especially love life on the road, but Ifigure if youare lucky enough to be able to do what you truly lovedoing, you’ve got theultimate of life. W: What’s the most widely-held misconception about thelife of a famousmusician? M: People think it’s all glamour. Actually we have thesame troublesthey do. Playing music doesn’t mean life treats youany better. W: How do you feel about being recognized everywhere yougo? M: You think I be used to it by now. But I still find itfascinating.You go to a little town in Japan, where nobody speaksEnglish, yet they knowyou on side and know all your music. I’mstill amazed by the love peopleexpress for me and bymusic. Passage 1 Changing technology and markets have stimulated the teamapproach tomanagement. Inflation, resource scarcity, reducedpersonnel levels and budgetcuts have all underscore the need forbetter coordination in organizations.Team management provides forthis coordination. Team management calls for newskills if personnelpotential is to be fullyrealized. Althougha team may be composed ofknowledgeable people, they must learn newways of relating and working togetherto solve cross-functionalproblems. When teams consist to be experiencedemployees fromhierarchical organizations, who have been condition totraditionalorganizational culture. Cooperation may not occur naturally,itmainly to be created. Furthermore, the issue is not just how theteam canfunction more effectively, but how it integrates with theoverall organization,all society that it supposes it serves. Agroup of individuals is notautomatically a team. Therefore, teambuilding may be necessary in order toimprove the group’sperformance. Casey, an expert in this field, suggests thatthecooperation process within teams must be organized, promoted andmanaged.He believes the team corporation results when members gobeyond theirindividual capabilities, beyond what each is used tobeing and doing. Together,the team may then produce something new,unique and superior to that of any onemember. For this to happen,he suggests the multi-cultural managers exhibitunderstanding oftheir own and others’ cultural influences and limitations.Theyshould also cultivate such skills as toleration of ambiguity,persistenceand patience, as well as assertedness. If a team managerexemplifies suchqualities, then the team as a whole would be betterable to realize theirpotential and achieve theirobjectives. Passage 2 In early 1994, when MarkAndreessen was just 23 years old,he arrived in Silicon Valley with an ideathat would change theworld. As a student at the University of Illinois, he andhisfriends had developed a program called Mosaic, which allowed peopletoshare information on the worldwide web. Before Mosaic, the webhad been usedmainly by scientists and other technical people, whowere happy just to sendand receive text. But with Mosaic,Andreessen and his friends had developed aprogram, which could sendimages over the web as well. Mosaic was an overnightsuccess. It wasput on the university’s network at the beginning of 1993. Andby theend of the year, it had over a million users. Soon after,Andreessenwent to seek his fortune in Silicon Valley. Once he gotthere, he started tohave meetings with a man called Jim Clark, whowas one of the Valley’s mostfamous entrepreneurs. In 1994, nobodywas making any real money from theInternet, which was still veryslow and hard touse. But Andreessenhad seen an opportunity thatwould make him and Clark rich withintwo years. He suggested they should createa new computer programthat would do the same job as Mosaic but would be mucheasier touse. Clark listened carefully to Andreessen, whose ideasandenthusiasm impressed him greatly. Eventually, Clark agreed toinvest threemillion dollars of his own money in the project, and toraise an extra fifteenmillion from venture capitalists, who werealways keen to listen to Clark’s newideas. Passage 3 Advertising informs consumers about the existenceand benefits ofproducts and services and attempts to persuade themto buy them. The best formof advertising is probably word of mouthadvertising which occurs when peopletell their friends about thebenefits of products or services that they havepurchased. Yetvirtually no providers of goods or services relay on thisalone,which using paid advertising instead. Indeed manyorganizations also use institutionalor prestige advertising whichis designed to build up their reputation ratherthan to sellparticular products. Although large companies could easily set uptheirown advertising departments, write their own advertisementsand by media space themselves.They tend to use the services oflarge advertising agencies. These are likelyto have more resourcesand more knowledge about all aspects of advertising andadvertisingmedia than single company. It is also easier for adissatisfycompany to give its account to another agency. And itwould be to fire theirown advertising staff. The company generallygive the advertising agency andagreed budget. A statement of theobjective of the advertising campaign know asbrief and overalladvertising strategy concerning the message to becommunicated tothe target customers. The agency creates advertisements anddevelopsa media prime, specifying which media will be used and in whichproportions.Agencies often produce alternative ads or commercialsthat pretested innewspapers, television stations etc. in differentparts of the country. Beforea final choices was made prior to anational campaign. Q22 What is probably the bestform of advertisingaccording to the speaker? Q23 What does the speaker sayis the proposes of manyorganization using prestige advertising ? Q24 How did large companiesgenerally handle theiradvertising? Q25 What would advertisingagencies often do before anational campaign? 听写题 Extinction is a difficult concept to grasp. It is aneternal concept. Itis not at all like the killing of individuallife forms that can be renewedthrough normal processes ofreproduction. Nor is simply diminishing numbers.Nor is it damagethat can somehow be remedied or for which some substitute canbefound. Nor is it something that only affects our own generation.Nor is it somethingthat could be remedied by some supernaturalpower. It is, rather, an absoluteand final act which there is noremedy on earth or in heaven. A species onceextinct, it’s goneforever. However many generations succeed us in comingcenturies,none of them will ever see this species that we extinguish. Notonlyus we bring about extinction of life on a vast scale. We arealso making theland and the air and sea so toxic that the veryconditions of life are being destroyed.As regard natural resources,not only are the none renewable resources beingused up in a offrenzy of processing, consuming and disposing but we arealsoruining much of our renewable resources. Such as the very solidself on which terrestriallife depends. The change that is takingplace on the earth and in our minds isone of the greatest changesever to take place in human affairs. Perhaps thegreatest, since weare talking about is not simply another historical changeorcultural modification. But it change the geological andbiological as well as psychologicalorder of magnitude.