A1E 强势美元 07 美元诞生 3-1

A1E 强势美元 07 美元诞生 3-1

2014-06-10    40'34''

主播: checonomics

20636 160

介绍:
QQ_群: 100626483 /微.博@AZ1J /个微#: checonomics /公微#: checonomicsdotcom ------------- A1E 强势美元 07 美元诞生 01 June 9, 2014 by admin on checonomics.com 【Audio】 Male version: Origin – Long & short (Closed) Female version: J.专业级 – Short (Closed) Overall Status: Closed. 【Text】 The Constitution which came into force in March 1789, then asserted the power of Congress to coin money and regulate its value while prohibiting the states from coining money or emitting IOUs that circulated like money. //: Constitution 宪法 come into force 开始生效 assert vt. 声称; 断言; 宣称; 生效 —— Congress 国会;议会;美国国会;代表大会 The United States Congress is the bicameral (两院制的) legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress meets in the Capitol in Washington, D.C. Both representatives and senators are chosen through direct election. Congress has 535 voting members: 435 Representatives and 100 Senators. —— cameral 英 [‘kæmərəl] 美 [‘kæmərəl] adj. 有关立法或司法机构之一院的 (Of a legislative body) having two chambers(议会的议院) —— regulate 控制;管理;-> regulation/deregulation(放宽管制) —— emit vt. 发出; 发射; 颁布; 发表; 发行 En: Produce and discharge (something, especially gas or radiation): En ex: even the best cars emit carbon dioxide 英 [daɪˈɒksaɪd] 美 [daɪˈɑksaɪd] —— IOU = I owe you的缩写, means 我欠你钱,打白条。 :// The last phase of the birthing process was the Coinage Act of 1792, for which Alexander Hamilton was midwife. Hamilton, one of the three members of President George Washington’s first cabinet, believed fervently in the need to bind the thirteen states together. He saw a uniform currency as an effective form of glue. His Report on the Establishment of a Mint , submitted to the Congress in January 1791, offered detailed proposals for a mint and a uniform coinage to encourage commerce not just within but across the newly independent states. //: coinage 英 [ˈkɔɪnɪdʒ] 美 [ˈkɔɪnɪdʒ] n. 货币制度 —— midwife 英 [‘mɪdwaɪf] 美 [ˈmɪdˌwaɪf] n. 接生婆; 助产士 —— fervently 英 [‘fɜ:vəntlɪ] 美 [ˈfə:vəntlɪ] adv. 热烈地,热情地,强烈地 En: Having or displaying a passionate intensity: En ex: a fervent supporter of the creation of a world bank. —— President George Washington’s first cabinet 美国宪法并没有规定内阁的必然存在,不过,从华盛顿开始,历届总统都设立内阁辅助其行使其AUTHORITY。所以,美国内阁就成了一个常态存在。不过,从法理上说,美国总统是美国的中央政府、行政部门,而内阁不过是总统的辅助结构和下属,没有宪法上的独立地位和法人代表权。 The existence of the Cabinet dates back to the first President of the United States, George Washington, who appointed a Cabinet of four men: 国务卿 Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson; 财政部部长 Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton; 战争部长 Secretary of War Henry Knox; 司法部长 Attorney General Edmund Randolph to advise him and to assist him in carrying out his duties. —— 英美货币体系中的重要人物: UK: Isaac Newton 由于牛顿的出色工作,三年之内,英国的货币全部更新完毕,经济秩序稳定下来,比预定的时间大为提前。1699年初,政府宣布币制改革完成。牛顿的工作受到财政部的高度赞扬。英王也下令褒奖牛顿,同时任命牛顿为终身“皇家造币厂厂长”,这是一个年薪2000英镑的政府高职,比剑桥大学的年薪高十倍。 1703年11月30日,他被选为英国皇家学会会长,相当于国家科学院的院长,连选连任至逝世为止。1705年4月,他被英国女王安娜授予牛顿勋爵称号。牛顿担任皇家造币厂厂长这一职务达28年之久,直到他去世前为止。在牛顿任职期间,英国货币比较稳定。 (可见重视和尊重人才是立国之本) 1727年3月20日牛顿与世长辞。牛顿死后得到了最高的荣誉。同年3月28日,牛顿的遗体,以国葬礼隆重地安葬在威斯敏斯特教堂内。成千上万的普通市民纷纷涌向街头,前往威斯敏斯特教堂,为牛顿送行。英国的王公大臣、文人学者纷纷前来吊唁致哀。 US: Alexander Hamilton 是美国的开国元勋之一,宪法的起草人之一,财经专家,是美国的第一任财政部长。是美国政党制度的创建者,在美国金融、财政和工业发展史上,占有重要地位。因政党相争而决斗丧生。2006年,汉密尔顿被美国的权威期刊《大西洋月刊》评为影响美国的100位人物第5名。 ://