EM4LP6B课程讲解~Sleep

EM4LP6B课程讲解~Sleep

2019-09-29    28'34''

主播: yoga_yj

3181 43

介绍:
【EM4-LP6B Sleep 】 Meten, Longhua Center, SZ, LT: Yoga Yu (答应了学生九月份把EM4完成,真的做到了,不容易,做文稿是个大工程!接下来我要赶紧闭关写小论文了,然后抽空录EM5,到时见哦!)亲爱的听众朋友们大家好,这里是Yoga的荔枝电台,我是美联深圳龙华中心的LT Yoga,在这里为大家播讲新M4的LP6 The Mind- B Sleep的课程,欢迎您的收听,希望通过我们的节目,你能够对本课有更好的预习和复习,让我们开始学习吧! Unit Goals of Unit6B: 教学目标: 1.Talk about your sleep habits. 谈论你的睡眠习惯; 2.Express degrees of certainty. 表达确定性的程度; 1.【Words and phrases: 单词和短语:】 (1)课文中的单词和短语:nap 打盹, improve your mood改善你的心情, memory 记忆, drive away开走了, be worried about sth.担忧某事, wear special sensors戴着特殊的传感器。 (2)跟睡眠有关的词:go to bed 上床睡觉, stay up late熬夜, midnight午夜, fall asleep quickly入睡很快, hardly ever wake up很少醒来, be asleep 睡着了, be awake for a long time很长时间都是醒着的 , get up right away 立刻起床, stay in bed for a while在床上待一段时间, have nightmares做噩梦, sleepwalker梦游者, sleep research睡眠调查, sleep study睡眠研究;sleep pattern睡眠类型; (3)其他词汇:words in blue蓝色字样,instructor老师,教练, completely完全地,similar类似的, sequence顺序, event活动, put the events in order把这些活动按顺序排列, in your own words用你自己的话, identify the main idea, 确认主要观点, healthier 更健康的,normal, 正常的; 2【Sentences: 句子;】 (1)询问睡眠的情况: —Do you often stay up late ? 你常常熬夜吗?—I usually stay up late midnight or later. 我通常熬夜到午夜甚至更晚。 —Do you fall asleep slowly? 你入睡很慢吗?—No, I always fall asleep quickly. 不,我总是入睡很快。 —Do you wake up at night? 你晚上会醒来吗?—No, I hardly ever wake up at night. 不会,我晚上几乎不会醒来。 —Do you get up from bed right away? 你会立刻起床吗?—No, I stay in bed for a while. 不,我会在床上赖一会儿。 (2)询问头一天 睡眠情况的句子: —What time did you get up?你几点起床的呢?—I got up at seven. 我七点起床的。 —What time did you go to bed? 你几点睡觉的?—I went to bed at 10:30. 我10:30睡的。 —Did you fall asleep right away? 你立刻就睡着了吗?—No, I was awake for a long time.不,我很长时间都没睡着呢。 —Did you wake up during the night? 你在晚上醒来了吗?—No, I didn’t. 没有啊。 —How many hours did you sleep?你睡了多少个小时呀? —I slept for eight hours. 我睡了八个小时。 —What did you dream about?你梦到什么了呀?—I dreamed of my good friend Diana.我梦到了我的好朋友戴安娜。 (3)关于睡眠的小知识。 —How many hours of sleep do adults need a night? 成年人一个晚上需要睡多少个小时呢?—Adults need seven to eight hours of sleep a night. 成年人一个晚上需要8小时的睡眠。 —Is it good to go to bed and wake up at different time? 每天睡觉和醒来的时间不同好吗?—It’s best to go to bed and wake up at the same time. 最好是每天睡觉和醒来的时间保持一致。 —At night, what usually disturb our sleep? 晚上,什么会打扰到我们的睡眠呢? —Light from computers and cell phones keep us awake. 电脑和手机的灯光会让我们睡不着。 3.【Reading: 阅读】 It’s 3:30 in the morning. Tomorrow is a busy day. You went to bed at 10:00. You need to get up at 6:00 in the morning. But you woke up in the middle of the night and you can’t fall asleep again! Why can’t you sleep?早上3点半,明天是忙碌的一天,你10点睡觉,你需要在早上6点起床,但是你在半夜醒来,然后就再也不能入睡了,你为什么睡不着呢? There may be a surprising answer. Dr. Thomas Wehr did some research on sleep. During the winter, he put people in a room with no artificial light (there was no light from lamps, TVs, or computers) Then, during the night, he studied the people’s sleep patterns.这里有个也许会让你惊讶的答案。托马斯·韦尔博士做了一些睡眠的研究,在冬天,他让一些人在没有人造光的房间里(这里没有来自台灯,电视或者电脑的光)。然后,他研究了人们在晚上的睡眠方式。 What happened? The people went to bed, but they didn’t fall asleep right away. Most were awake for two hours. Next the people slept for four to five hours. Then they woke up, and they stayed awake and were active for one to three hours. Finally, the people slept again for four to five hours. 发生了什么? 人们去睡觉,但是他们没有立刻入睡,大部分人有两个小时都是睡不着的,接着,他们会睡四到五个小时,然后他们会醒来,接下来的一到三个小时会醒来且思维活跃。最后,他们又会睡四到五个小时。 Dr. Wehr discovered a new sleep pattern. But maybe it’s not new. In the past, before electric light, perhaps people slept this way. Nowadays, we sleep in a different way.托马斯·韦尔博士发现了一种新的睡眠模式,但是也许这并不新了,在以往,在发明电灯之前,也许人们就是这么睡觉的,现在,我们都采用不同的睡觉方式。 So, the next time you wake up in the middle of the night and can’t sleep, relax! Your sleep patterns may be normal after all.所以,下次你要是在半夜醒来,不能入睡,放松,即便如此,你的睡眠模式也是正常的。 4.【Writing 写作部分小文章】 Last Saturday, I stayed up late. I watched TV until 10:00, and then I played video games until 12:30, I went to bed at 1:00, but I couldn’t fall asleep! To relax, I listened to music and finally, I fell asleep at 3:00 a.m. The next morning, I didn’t get up until 11:00. I felt great, but my dad wasn’t happy. He says I’m lazy. 上个周六,我熬夜了,我看电影看到10点,然后我玩电子游戏玩到12:30,一点钟的时候我去睡觉,但是我睡不着,为了放松,我听了音乐,最后我凌晨3点睡的,第二天,我11还没有起床,我感觉棒极了,但我爸不开心,他说我太懒。 5.【Grammar】: 一般过去式的句型转化: 1.be 动词的过去时的句型如下: (1)否定句: 主语 + be动词的过去式(was, were)+ not… (2)疑问句: be动词的过去式(was, were)+ 主语 …? a. He was busy yesterday. (肯定句) 他昨天很忙。b.He was not busy yesterday. (否定句) 他昨天不忙。 c. Was he busy yesterday? (疑问句) 他昨天忙吗? d. There weren’t any boys in the room.房间里没有男孩儿。 e. Were there any boys in the room? 房间里有男孩儿吗? 2.行为动词的否定式和疑问式:  (1)若肯定句中只有一个行为动词,那就得在行为动词前加上did not或缩略式didn’t,并把这个行为动词由过去式改为动词原形。例如:a. I called Lin Tao yesterday afternoon. →I did not / didn‘t call Lin Tao yesterday afternoon. b. I borrowed a book from Sun Yang last Sunday. → I didn’t borrow a book from Sun Yang last Sunday. (2) 行为动词的一般疑问句: 若在陈述句中只有行为动词的过去式,那就得在句首加上一个助动词did来帮助提问,然后把句中的行为动词由过去式改为动词原形,并在句末打上问号。回答时别忘了还用did.例如:a. We stayed there for 10 days last month. → Did you stay there for 10 days last month? Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. b. Mary had a delicious dinner yesterday evening. → Did Mary have a delicious dinner yesterday evening? Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t; 3.特殊疑问句: 1). 定义:以特殊疑问词开头,对陈述句中的某一部分提出疑问 / 进行发问的句子叫特殊疑问句。 2). 特殊疑问词全搜索:一句话: wh-开头外加能与之结伴同行的名词; how及它的形容词兄弟姐妹们,即如:What(什么),why(为什么),who(谁), where(哪里), which(哪一个), what class(什么课), what time(什么时间), what number(什么号码); what day (星期几);what date(什么日期),What for(为了什么);how(怎么样),how many(多少), how old(多大), how much(多少),how often(多久),how long(多长),how about(怎样呢?), how far (多远)等。 3). 特殊疑问句的构成特殊疑问句由"特殊疑问词+一般疑问句"构成: 如:How old are you? 你多大了?What's this in English? 这个用英语怎么讲? 但特殊疑问句有时也要"特殊解":即如果问的是主语或主语的定语时,这时的特殊疑问句看起来成了"特殊疑问词(+主语)+陈述句"。 如:Who's not here today? 今天谁没来?Which pen is red? 哪枝钢笔是红色的? 4). 特殊疑问句的语调小插件:一般说来,特殊疑问句都要读成降调(↘),并往往让最后一个单词承担此重任。如:What row are you in(↘)? 你在第几排? Where is"E" (↘)? "E"在哪里? 5). 对特殊疑问句的答复小扫描:回答特殊疑问句,不能用"yes / no";但可用"到什么山上唱什么歌"来形容对特殊疑问句的应答- -即问什么答什么(尤其是简略回答更明显)。如:-How old is your sister? 你妹妹今年多大了?  -She's only five. / Only five. (她)才5岁。